How To Properly...

cite a website vs how to cite a book

how cite a website, how to cite a book

Citing a Website



With any citation, the title of the page must be ""Works Cited."" The page should be double spaced with one inch margins. If the citation is longer than one line on the page than the second line (and so forth) will need to be indented.

To cite a website, the first thing you will need to know is the author of the website. The beginning of the citation consists of the author's last name, a comma, then the author's first name followed by a period. If the author has a middle initial, it follows the author's first name. This would look like:
Author's last name, first name (middle initial).

If there is no author then, instead of writing the author's name first, you would write the title of the article.

This brings us to the second part of the citation, the article title. Directly after the period at the end of the author's name come the article title. The article title is put in quotation marks and it is ended with a period. At this point our citation would look like:
Author's Last name, First name. "Article Title."


The name of the website follows the article title. The site name is put into italics and is ended with a period. At this point the citation would look like:
Author's Last name, First name. "Article Title." Site Name (Italicized).


The next step is to add the date of the article. The date written with the number first, then the month, and lastly the year followed by a period. Now our citation would look like:
Author's Last name, First name. "Article Title." Site Name (Italicized). Number Month Year.


Next, the organization name is needed. That text is plainly written and followed by a period. With the organization name added the citation is as follows:
Author's Last name, First name. "Article Title." Site Name (Italicized). Number Month Year. Organization Name.


Following the organization name is the date the person citing the website accessed the website. The date follows the same format as the date posted above, number, month, year. After the date accessed is a period. Now our citation looks like:
Author's Last name, First name. "Article Title." Site Name (Italicized). Number Month Year. Organization Name. Number Month Year.


The final step to citing a website is inserting the URL. To insert the URL you copy the URL and put "<>" at the beginning and end of the URL with a period at the end. The final product of our citation will look like:
Author's Last name, First name. "Article Title." Site Name (Italicized). Number Month Year. Organization Name. Number Month Year. <Website URL>


Citing a Book



To cite a book you begin with the same first step that you use when citing a website, the author's first and last name. Like with the website, the author's last name goes first, then the author's first name followed by a period. As we have seen above this looks like:
Author's Last name, First name.


The next step is incorporating the book title into the citation. In the citation, the book title is underlined. This step looks like:
Author's Last name, First name. Book Title (Underlined).


After the book title comes the place where the book was published. This has a colon after it. There is a colon because after the place of publication is the name of the publisher. The name of the publisher is followed by a comma, and then after the comma is the year in which the book was published. All of this information can be found in copyright section of the book. At this point our citation would look like this:
Author's Last name, First name. Book Title (Underlined). Place where the book was published: Publisher, Year the book was published.


This could be the conclusion of the citation, unless specific pages were used within the book. If specific pages were used within the book than they need a citation as well. This comes after the year of publication and you put the range of page numbers used and end it with a period. This would look like:
Author's Last name, First name. Book Title (Underlined). Place where the book was published: Publisher, Year the book was published. Number-Number.


This would conclude the citation for the book.